The reforms of 1985 and 1991 placed India on a high-growth trajectory. However, India is still one of the poorest countries on earth. To ensure better lives for our citizens, we need to sustain a consistently high growth rate for several decades.
In our country, social inequalities have always been salient, but with higher growth, economic inequalities are also increasing. Thus, growth has to be accompanied by the generation of high-quality employment.
In this theme, the focus is on how public policy can enable widespread growth, especially in those sectors that can create employment at scale. There are three sub-themes under this theme:
- Agricultural transformation – a farmer-led value chain perspective;
- Small manufacturing and services in small towns; and
- Urban informal services sector – skills, secure jobs and self-employment.